Courtesy of The Orlando Sentinel
January 24, 2010
Beard knew that he would be paying homeowners association dues when his family
moved into a new Tivoli Village town house in east Orlando.
But he never thought he would be footing the dues owed on dozens of empty homes,
most in the process of foreclosure.
"Our dues have spiked up by 15 percent," said Beard, 43, a Winter Park
High School teacher. "The reason is that so many of the other homes are in
arrears, those of us who are left have to carry the burden for the whole. It's
not right, and it's not fair."
Beard, and thousands of other Floridians like him, is suffering from an
unexpected consequence of the housing bubble that burst.
"It's a lot like getting stuck with the bar tab of a roomful of people you
never met," said Gary Poliakoff, a South Florida attorney and author who
specializes in community-association law.
"Most people don't understand that if they buy a home or condominium in an
association, they're not just buying their home. They're signing a contract that
says they'll be responsible for the upkeep of all the common property. It's one
of the biggest problems facing homeowners today — they're being saddled with
other people's debts."
Poliakoff said the problem affects tens of thousands of unit or home owners
across the state where more than 5 million Floridians live in some form of
housing under an association's control.
In Beard's case, Tivoli Village has about 185 town homes, and association dues
pay for maintaining private roads, a pool, security gates and insurance for
common areas. But Beard said their costs are going up because the neighborhood
is only about 50 percent owned. The rest of the town homes are vacant or for
Beard's Tivoli Village dues have gone up $375, from $2,500 a year in 2009 to
$2,875 for 2010 to cover the shortfall. And the dues could go higher still, if
more houses go into default.
Kyle Sanders, a vice president of Orlando-based Hanover Capital Partners LLC,
the developer and president of the Tivoli Village Homeowners Association, didn't
return calls seeking comment. But documents from a recent HOA meeting show that
the association has a $170,000 budget shortfall because of vacant homes or
owners who have stopped paying their fees.
Sentry Management Co. in Longwood oversees more than 600 home and condo
associations across Central Florida, including Tivoli Village. President Jim
Hart said that rising HOA fees are directly linked to the housing market.
"Everything we do is driven by a budget that the association agreed
to," he said about the problem. "If there are a lot of homes in
foreclosure, then unfortunately those costs are spread out among fewer people.
Fees are going up because other people aren't paying their share."
Hart said the company is hearing from residents in several states and across
Florida, "and they're not happy," he said. "I've been in this
business for 36 years, and I've never seen anything like this."
Other neighborhoods under association covenants, such as the dozen neighborhoods
in the west Orlando MetroWest Masters Association, have seen their dues
skyrocket as well. Some MetroWest residents are suing the association to take
control of the board, but the lawsuit is pending.
Beard said that he and his neighbors are considering their legal options and
circulating petitions to ask the developers to cap the fee increases.
Poliakoff said he thinks banks that take homes through foreclosures should pay
the association dues for each property.
"But that's not the way banks operate," he said. "They'll get a
judgment [for the property] but they don't take possession of it or assume its
"You can't underestimate how big of a problem this is," he said.
Community associations aren't necessarily a bad thing, said University of
Central Florida economics professor Sean Snaith.
"The advantage of an association is that while one homeowner might not be
able to afford a swimming pool or clubhouse, if you join 200 or 400 homeowners,
collectively they can afford those amenities," he said. If the bills become
too much for homeowners, and developers don't modify their agreements with them,
Snaith expects to see the disagreements end up in court.
"I can say, no one expected what's happened in the last few years with this
housing market," he said.
Poliakoff said he would like state or federal lawmakers to force banks to pay
for the association dues owed by the foreclosed homes.
The 3rd District Court of Appeals in Miami-Dade County, however, has rejected
the notion that a lender should be required to pay association fees while a
foreclosure case is pending. Poliakoff said those cases can take 12 to 18 months
to wind through courts, and meanwhile, no one is paying the fees.
Homeowner and condominium associations run like a small government. Their
boards, whether under a developer's or residents' control, have the power to
assess fees on homeowners. The board's job is to collect enough revenue to pay
for the upkeep of common areas such as entrances, clubhouses, pools, private
golf course or private roads. HOA's became popular in the 1960s, beginning with
retirement communities. One-third of all Floridians now live under the control
of one of the more than 300,000 homeowner associations in the U.S.
What can go wrong?
Owners can be charged much higher dues than they expected at move-in. The
housing bubble has exacerbated the problem. Neighbors in 400 houses might have
been easily able to split the bill for a golf course and private brick-paved
streets, but if half the houses are in foreclosure, the bills still must be
paid. And even if the HOA puts liens on foreclosed properties, that money could
be long in coming, if ever.
Tips from experts
•Read the covenant documents carefully before buying a house or condominium.
•Look at HOA dues in comparable neighborhoods. Find out when the dues last
increased, how many units are in arrears and for how long.
•Read the minutes of HOA meetings and find out whether the organization has a
rainy-day fund to cover unexpected expenses.
•Find out the occupancy rate for the neighborhood. If it seems too high, look
•Lenders typically won't write a mortgage for a property where the HOA
delinquency rate is higher than 15 percent. Some banks are even stricter.